In 1919 the Bauhaus school was inaugurated in Weimar. Its legacy is essential to understand the renewal of the characteristics, purposes and principles that the Modern Movement will entail in the field of design and architecture. Some principles that materialized in Barcelona with proposals such as the German Pavilion that Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich projected on the occasion of the International Exhibition of 1929 and that would become the necessary impetus for the creation of the G.A.T.C.P.A.C; the Group of Catalan Architects and Technicians for the Progress of Contemporary Architecture that, in 1930, the same year in which Mies van der Rohe would take over the Bauhaus, will be constituted with the will to incorporate the currents in southern Europe avant-garde of the Modern Movement.
From an introduction by Xema Vidal about the Bauhaus and the importance of the school in the field of industrial design; Ricardo Ribas, Pedro Feduchi, Antoni Mañach, Nina Masó, Oriol Pibernat and Gabriel Moragas will analyze three representative products of the Modern Movement: The tube furniture, designed from the designs that Marcel Breuer would make with Standard-Möbel and Thonet, and that the enterprises Rolaco, MAC and Vda. de J. Ribas would adapt to the technical requirements they had; the floor lamp with a tube structure and adjustable repulsed aluminum lampshade; and the armchair, made of oak and twine, that would integrate the Pavilion of the Republic during the Paris International Exhibition. Two objects, the latter, currently reissued by the companies Santa & Cole and Mobles 114, that will explain their recovery and reissue process, starting in the 1990s, coinciding with the creation of the Fundació Mies van der Rohe and the reconstruction of the Pavilion for the city.